In the past two decades, obesity has steadily become a growing global health concern, affecting individuals of all ages and backgrounds. This medical condition is characterized by the accumulation of excess body fat that can have negative effects on a person’s health.
Obesity is typically defined based on an individual’s Body Mass Index (BMI), which the World Health Organization (WHO) and many other health-related professionals use as a tool to assess weight status and classify obesity into different categories.
Among the various categories of obesity, morbid obesity stands out as a serious medical condition that poses significant risks to one’s overall health and well-being.
In this article, we will discuss what BMI is considered morbidly obese, what factors contribute to the condition, the risks involved, and where individuals with a morbidly obese BMI can find help.
What BMI Is Considered Morbidly Obese?
Morbid obesity is a term used to describe a specific classification of obesity characterized by an excessive amount of body fat that poses significant health risks. It is generally defined by a person’s BMI, which is a measure of body fat based on an individual’s weight and height. However, it is important to note that BMI is just one of several factors used to diagnose and assess obesity, and other factors such as body composition and distribution of fat also play a role.
BMI is a commonly used tool in assessing weight status and is calculated by dividing an individual’s weight in kilograms by the square of their height in meters. BMI can only provide a general indication of body fatness but is widely used because it is relatively easy to measure; however, it is not a perfect indicator of health or body fat percentage. BMI numbers serve as a useful starting point for identifying potential health risks associated with an individual’s weight. If you would like to easily calculate your BMI, this online BMI calculator will do all the math for you.
BMI Classification for Morbid Obesity
The World Health Organization (WHO) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) have established BMI ranges to classify various levels of obesity, including morbid obesity. The classification is as follows:
- Normal Weight: BMI less than 25.0;
- Overweight: BMI between 25.0 and 29.9;
- Obesity Class I: BMI between 30.0 and 34.9;
- Obesity Class II: BMI between 35.0 and 39.9;
- Obesity Class III (Morbid Obesity): BMI 40.0 or higher.
Morbid obesity falls within Obesity Class III, which is the most severe form of obesity. Individuals in this category typically have a significantly higher risk of developing obesity-related health conditions.
What Can Cause An Individual To Reach A Morbidly Obese BMI?
An individual can reach a morbidly obese BMI through a combination of genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors that contribute to excessive weight gain. Here are some key factors that can contribute to the development of morbid obesity:
- Unhealthy Diet – Consuming a diet high in calories, saturated fats, sugars, and processed foods can lead to weight gain. Regularly consuming more calories than the body needs for energy can result in the accumulation of excess fat.
- Sedentary Lifestyle – Lack of physical activity or a sedentary lifestyle can contribute to weight gain. When individuals do not engage in regular exercise or physical activity, they burn fewer calories, making it easier to gain weight and difficult to maintain healthy body weight.
- Genetics – Genetic factors can influence an individual’s susceptibility to weight gain and obesity. Certain genes may affect metabolism, appetite regulation, and fat storage, making some individuals more prone to becoming obese.
- Environmental Factors – Environmental factors, such as easy access to high-calorie foods, larger portion sizes, and a sedentary lifestyle encouraged by modern conveniences, can contribute to weight gain. Societal and cultural influences may also impact eating habits and physical activity levels.
- Psychological Factors – Emotional factors like stress, depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem can contribute to overeating or using food as a coping mechanism, leading to weight gain and obesity.
- Medical Conditions – Some medical conditions, such as hypothyroidism, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and certain medications, can contribute to weight gain or make weight loss more challenging.
Health Implications and Risks of A Morbidly Obese BMI
Morbid obesity can have a profound impact on both physical and mental health. Excess weight can cause joint degeneration and affect an individual’s mobility. Excessive weight places immense strain on various bodily systems, leading to an increased risk of developing life-threatening conditions. These may include cardiovascular disease, stroke, high blood pressure, respiratory issues, infertility, gallbladder disease, and certain types of cancer. Moreover, the emotional and psychological toll of morbid obesity can result in low self-esteem, depression, and social isolation.
Treatment and Management To Lower A Morbidly Obese BMI
Morbid obesity represents a critical stage of obesity that significantly impacts an individual’s health and quality of life.
It’s important to note that individual experiences with obesity can vary greatly, and multiple factors often interact to contribute to an individual reaching a morbidly obese BMI. The journey to morbid obesity is a complex interplay of various influences, and each person’s situation is unique.
It is crucial for individuals struggling with morbid obesity to seek medical guidance and support. A doctor who is trained in obesity medicine and understands the complexities of obesity can provide a personalized treatment plan.
A comprehensive approach to lowering a morbidly obese BMI may involve a team of healthcare professionals, including dietitians, psychologists, and other specialists. Given the serious health risks associated with morbid obesity, treatment typically involves a comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach that may include dietary modifications, increased physical activity, behavior therapy, counseling, medication, and, in some cases, a medical weight-loss intervention procedure.
Where Can I Go For Help For My Morbidly Obese BMI?
At Batash Endoscopic Weight Loss Center, we can develop a personalized plan based on your individual needs and goals. Dr. Steven Batash has over thirty years of experience helping individuals safely and effectively lose weight and regain their health. Take a look at just one of many success stories of our patient who lowered her morbidly obese BMI into a healthy range!
The professionals at Batash Endoscopic Weight Loss Center in NYC understand the BMI classification of morbid obesity and its related comorbidities. We understand that it is virtually impossible for a morbidly obese individual to reduce their BMI without medical intervention.
Our obesity-trained experts can offer non-surgical endoscopic weight loss tools such as Suture Sculpt ESG or the Orbera weight loss balloon to reduce the capacity of their stomachs and promote satiety. These tools, combined with our comprehensive approach to changing lifestyle behaviors, will lead to sustainable weight loss and improved health. Additionally, you will not be facing this journey alone; we will be here every step of the way, supporting you and helping you reach your weight loss goals.
The first step in regaining your health is to recognize the severity of your condition and take that first proactive step toward getting your health back on track. Set up your consultation today to learn more about your options for sustainable weight loss.