Obesity is a complex health issue that affects millions of people around the world. For those who have struggled with excessive weight and have not been successful with traditional weight loss methods, weight loss surgery, also known as bariatric surgery, may be an option.
However, not everyone is eligible for weight loss surgery, and one of the criteria that is commonly used to determine eligibility is body mass index (BMI). In this blog post, we will explore what BMI is, how it is calculated, and what BMI qualifies for weight loss surgery.
Additionally, we will look at why using an individual’s BMI to qualify for weight loss surgery may not be the most accurate or effective method.
What Is BMI And What Does It Indicate?
BMI is a measure of body weight in relation to height, and it is commonly used as a screening tool to assess if an individual’s weight is within a healthy range. It is calculated by dividing a person’s weight in kilograms by the square of their height in meters. The formula for calculating BMI is:
BMI = weight (kg) / (height (m))^2
The result is expressed as a numerical value, which falls into different BMI categories that are associated with different health risks. The easiest way to determine your BMI is to use our handy online BMI calculator. The World Health Organization (WHO) has defined the following BMI categories for adults:
|Unhealthy and underweight
|BMI falls below 18.5
|Normal healthy weight range
|18.5 to 24.9
|25 to 29.9
|Class 1 moderate obesity
|30 to 34.9
|Class 2 severe obesity
|35 to 39.9
|Class 3 very severe or morbid obesity
|40 or above
What BMI Qualifies For Weight Loss Surgery?
Body Mass Index (BMI) is one of the criteria that is commonly used to determine if a person is eligible for weight loss surgery, also known as bariatric surgery.
In general, weight loss surgery may be considered for individuals with a BMI of 40 or higher, or for individuals with a BMI of 35 or higher who have obesity-related health conditions such as diabetes, sleep apnea, or hypertension. However, these BMI thresholds may vary depending on the specific type of weight loss surgery being considered, such as gastric bypass, gastric sleeve, or gastric banding.
It’s important to note that BMI is just one factor that is considered when determining if someone is a candidate for weight loss surgery. Other factors, such as overall health, medical history, and previous attempts at weight loss, may also be taken into consideration.
The Limitations Of Using A Patient’s BMI For Weight Loss Surgery
While BMI can be useful for assessing population-level trends in body weight and identifying potential health risks associated with extreme weight categories, it has limitations when it comes to accurately assessing an individual’s body composition, particularly their body fat percentage.
Some of the limitations of using BMI to assess body fat percentage Include:
- 1. Does Not Distinguish Between Fat and Muscle
- BMI does not differentiate between lean muscle mass and body fat. Muscle weighs more than fat, so individuals with higher muscle mass may have a higher BMI even if they have a lower body fat percentage. On the other hand, older adults or individuals with lower muscle mass, such as those who are sedentary or have certain health conditions, may have a lower BMI but a higher body fat percentage.
- 2. Can Not Determine Distribution of Fat
- BMI does not account for the distribution of body fat, which is an important factor in determining health risks. Research has shown that excess abdominal fat, also known as visceral fat, is more strongly associated with obesity-related health conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome, compared to fat stored in other areas of the body. However, BMI does not take into consideration the location of body fat, and individuals with a normal BMI but high abdominal fat may still be at increased health risks.
- 3. Does Not Consider Body Composition Changes
- BMI does not consider changes in body composition that can occur with age, weight loss, or weight gain. For example, an individual who loses weight through diet and exercise may have a lower BMI, but their body fat percentage may not necessarily decrease significantly if they lose more muscle mass than fat. Conversely, an individual who gains weight due to increased muscle mass from strength training may have a higher BMI, but a lower body fat percentage.
- 4. Can Not Consider Unique Build Differences
- BMI does not account for individual variations, such as bone density, body frame size, and other genetic factors that can affect body weight and body fat percentage. For example, individuals with higher bone density or larger body frames may have a higher BMI, even if they have a healthy body fat percentage.
- 5. May Not Be Applicable to Certain Populations
- BMI may not be applicable to certain populations, such as athletes or older adults, who may have different body composition characteristics.
Athletes, particularly those engaged in strength training or sports that require higher muscle mass, may have a higher BMI due to increased muscle mass, but may still have a healthy body fat percentage.
Older adults may also experience changes in body composition, including loss of muscle mass and an increase in body fat, which may not be accurately reflected by BMI.
Most doctors understand and appreciate the limitations of using a patient’s BMI to assess their eligibility for weight-loss surgery. However, medical insurance companies are more stringent in adhering to this criteria when considering approving weight loss surgery. In fact, in addition to BMI, they often have additional strict requirements that patients must meet before they qualify for weight loss surgery.
What If You Don’t Meet BMI Qualifications For Weight Loss Surgery?
If you are struggling with excess weight and looking for weight loss options but are not eligible for bariatric surgery or simply do not want to undergo surgery, endoscopic weight loss procedures could be a viable alternative for you. These minimally invasive procedures, performed using an endoscope, offer non-surgical options to overweight or obese individuals who may not qualify for or prefer not to undergo traditional bariatric surgery.
These endoscopic weight loss procedures may be suitable for individuals who may not qualify for bariatric surgery due to factors such as a lower BMI, medical contraindications, or personal preferences. They are less invasive and have shorter recovery times compared to surgical options, making them appealing to those seeking non-surgical alternatives for weight loss.
- Intragastric Balloon
- An intragastric balloon is a procedure where a deflated silicone balloon is inserted into the stomach through the mouth using an endoscope. Once inside the stomach, the balloon is inflated with saline solution, taking up space and creating a feeling of fullness. This reduces the amount of food that can be consumed, promoting weight loss. The balloon is typically removed after six months.
- Suture Sculpt (ESG)
- Also sometimes called the endosleeve, Suture Sculpt ESG involves using an endoscope to place sutures in the stomach to reduce its size and create a tube-like shape. This helps restrict the amount of food that can be consumed and promotes a feeling of fullness, leading to weight loss. The entire procedure is completed from inside the stomach, so there are no abdominal incisions required.
It’s important to note that, like surgical options, endoscopic weight loss procedures are meant to be used as a tool to boost the efforts put forth by the patient. These procedures are typically recommended for individuals who are motivated to make long-term lifestyle changes, including dietary modifications and exercise.
Where Can I Get Help With Weight Loss Regardless Of My BMI?
If you are considering weight loss options but do not want to undergo surgery or are not eligible for bariatric surgery, contact Dr. Steven Batash today to discuss endoscopic weight loss procedures that may be a suitable next step in your weight loss journey.
Dr. Batash and his incredible team at the Batash Endoscopic Weight Loss Center in NYC can assess your individual health status and determine the most appropriate treatment option for you. They can discuss the benefits, risks, and potential outcomes of endoscopic weight loss procedures, considering your specific circumstances and preferences.
You will not be on this journey alone and will have a comprehensive support system that will help you with nutrition, dietary choices, exercise guidance, and strategies to help develop healthy lifestyle habits that will promote long-term weight loss and maintenance. Set up an appointment today and take the first step toward becoming healthier.